Responsive Design

There are many Javascript fixes for the viewport height units bug in iOS 7 (iPhone & iPad), this article will cover how to resolve this bug with CSS. This particular bug affects the rendering of viewport height units, for example: if you try to make a full viewport height container with height:100vh, it will display a very tall empty gap. Although this bug was fixed in iOS 8, but many old iPhone and iPad users are still using the old iOS 7. The vh-unit buggyfill is one of the popular Javascript workarounds, but if you don’t want to rely on Javascript here is a quick CSS fix using media queries.

While I was working with the Themify team on the Landing theme, we looked at over a hundred landing pages for inspiration. We reviewed how people designed their landing pages, laid out key information of their content, and designed their call to action box – these are important factors when designing a converting landing page. Below are 30 well designed landing pages I’ve selected for your inspiration. They vary from company landing page, to single-page layouts for portfolios, apps, shops, and products. Enjoy!

I apologize for not posting on the Wall for the longest time, but yes, I’m still alive (just been busy with Themify). Today I have an awesome post to share — 30 great interactive sites. HTML5, CSS3, and Javascript have opened up many design possibilities. Web design nowadays is very interactive, it is no longer limited by static layouts. The 30 sites listed below demonstrate great examples of interactive web design. It ranges from simple transition effect to cool parallax scrolling to rich media presentation such as music audio and videos. Enjoy!

Previously I wrote a tutorial on how to make a mobile navigation for responsive design, now I’ve discovered a new technique to produce a responsive menu without having to use Javascript. It uses clean and semantic HTML5 markup. The menu can be aligned left, center or right. Unlike the previous tutorial where it is clicked to toggle, this menu toggles on hover which is more user friendly. It also has an indicator to show the active/current menu item. It works on all mobile and desktop browsers including Internet Explorer!

Mobile design is rapidly changing, and so the techniques also evolve. Checkout my newer tutorial on Responsive menus for 2017 and onward here.

The Purpose

The purpose of this tutorial is to show you how turn a regular list menu into a dropdown menu on smaller display.

the purpose of responsive menu

This trick is more useful on navigation with a lot of links like the screenshot below. You can condense all the buttons into an elegant dropdown.

the purpose of responsive menu

Nav HTML Markup

Here is the markup for the navigation. The <nav> tag is required to create the dropdown with the css property absolute position. I will explain this later in the tutorial. The .current class indicates the active/current menu link.


<nav class="nav">
	<ul>
		<li class="current"><a href="#">Portfolio</a></li>
		<li><a href="#">Illustration</a></li>
		<li><a href="#">Web Design</a></li>
		<li><a href="#">Print Media</a></li>
		<li><a href="#">Graphic Design</a></li>
	</ul>
</nav>

CSS

The CSS for the navigation (desktop view) is pretty straight forward, so I’m not going to get into the details. Note that I specified display:inline-block instead of float:left for the nav <li> element. This allows the menu buttons to be able to align left, center or right by specifying text-align on the <ul> element.


/* nav */
.nav {
	position: relative;
	margin: 20px 0;
}
.nav ul {
	margin: 0;
	padding: 0;
}
.nav li {
	margin: 0 5px 10px 0;
	padding: 0;
	list-style: none;
	display: inline-block;
}
.nav a {
	padding: 3px 12px;
	text-decoration: none;
	color: #999;
	line-height: 100%;
}
.nav a:hover {
	color: #000;
}
.nav .current a {
	background: #999;
	color: #fff;
	border-radius: 5px;
}

Center and Right Alignment

As mentioned above, you can change the alignment of the buttons by using text-align property.


/* right nav */
.nav.right ul {
	text-align: right;
}

/* center nav */
.nav.center ul {
	text-align: center;
}

Internet Explorer Support

HTML5 <nav> tag and media query is not supported by Internet Explorer 8 or older. Include css3-mediaqueries.js (or respond.js) and html5shim.js to provide fallback support. If you don’t want to add html5shim.js, replace the <nav> tag with a <div> tag.


<!--[if lt IE 9]>
	<script src="http://css3-mediaqueries-js.googlecode.com/files/css3-mediaqueries.js"></script>
	<script src="http://html5shim.googlecode.com/svn/trunk/html5.js"></script>
<![endif]-->

Responsive

Now here comes the fun part – making the menu responsive with media query! Read my previous articles on responsive design and media query if you are not familar with responsive design.

On 600px breakpoint, I set the nav element to relative position so I can place the <ul> menu list on top with absolute position. I hide all <li> elements by specifying display:none, but keep the .current <li> displaying as block. Then on the nav hover, I set all <li> back to display:block (this will produce the dropdown list result). I added a check icon graphic on the .current element to indicate it is the active item. For the center and right alignment menu, use left and right property to position the <ul> list. View the demo to see the final result.


@media screen and (max-width: 600px) {
	.nav {
		position: relative;
		min-height: 40px;
	}	
	.nav ul {
		width: 180px;
		padding: 5px 0;
		position: absolute;
		top: 0;
		left: 0;
		border: solid 1px #aaa;
		background: #fff url(images/icon-menu.png) no-repeat 10px 11px;
		border-radius: 5px;
		box-shadow: 0 1px 2px rgba(0,0,0,.3);
	}
	.nav li {
		display: none; /* hide all <li> items */
		margin: 0;
	}
	.nav .current {
		display: block; /* show only current <li> item */
	}
	.nav a {
		display: block;
		padding: 5px 5px 5px 32px;
		text-align: left;
	}
	.nav .current a {
		background: none;
		color: #666;
	}

	/* on nav hover */
	.nav ul:hover {
		background-image: none;
	}
	.nav ul:hover li {
		display: block;
		margin: 0 0 5px;
	}
	.nav ul:hover .current {
		background: url(images/icon-check.png) no-repeat 10px 7px;
	}

	/* right nav */
	.nav.right ul {
		left: auto;
		right: 0;
	}

	/* center nav */
	.nav.center ul {
		left: 50%;
		margin-left: -90px;
	}
	
}

View Demo Responsive Menu

Typically, to create a column layout, you would need to add the first or last classes to reset the margin space and clear the float. Today I’m going to share a very simple CSS trick to create a responsive column layout using nth-of-type pseudo class. I use this trick to code the WordPress themes at Themify. It doesn’t require any first or last class and the number of columns can be adjusted base on the viewport. In other words, it can be toggled from 4-column to 3-column or 2-column, etc.

View Demo Responsive Column/Grid

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